Is Baking Powder Gluten-Free? Everything You Need to Know

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If you’re following a gluten-free diet or have gluten sensitivity, it’s essential to understand whether your baking powder is gluten-free.

This article will talk about baking powder, its gluten-free properties, and how it can help you achieve perfect gluten-free baked goods. So, let’s get started!

What is Baking Powder

Baking powder is crucial in many baked goods, giving them a light and fluffy texture.

It is a leavening agent that helps the dough rise by releasing carbon dioxide when mixed with wet ingredients or exposed to heat during baking.

What is Gluten?

Before diving into baking powder’s gluten-free aspect, let’s briefly discuss gluten. Gluten is a protein in wheat and certain grains, such as barley and rye.

It is responsible for the elasticity and structure of the dough, giving bread and other baked goods their characteristic texture.

Is Baking Powder Gluten-Free?

Yes, baking powder can be gluten-free, but not all baking powders are gluten-free.

Some commercial baking powders contain additives that may include gluten-containing ingredients.

As someone following a gluten-free diet, choosing a suitable baking powder is essential to avoid cross-contamination issues.

Types of Baking Powder

1) Double-Acting Baking Powder:

This is the most common baking powder and is widely used in baking. It contains two types of acids—one that reacts when mixed with wet ingredients and another when exposed to heat during baking.

2) Single-Acting Baking Powder:

This type of baking powder reacts only when exposed to heat during baking. It’s less commonly used than double-acting baking powder.

Gluten-Free Baking Powder: What to Look For

When searching for gluten-free baking powder, pay attention to the ingredients list. Here are some key points to consider:

  • Certified Gluten-Free: Look for baking powder brands that are certified gluten-free. This label ensures the product has undergone rigorous testing and adheres to gluten-free standards.
  • Check for Wheat Starch or Gluten-Containing Ingredients: Avoid baking powders that utilize wheat starch or other gluten-containing products.
  • Aluminum-Free: Some baking powders contain sodium aluminum sulfate, which may not suit certain individuals. Choose an aluminum-free option if this is a concern for you.

Making Your Own Gluten-Free Baking Powder

If you prefer homemade baking powder, making your own gluten-free version is relatively easy.

Here’s a simple gluten-free recipe:


  • 1 part baking soda
  • Two parts cream of tartar
  • 1 part corn starch or potato starch (to prevent clumping)


  • Mix the baking soda and other ingredients thoroughly.
  • Store the homemade baking powder in an airtight container.

Using Gluten-Free Baking Powder in Recipes

Substituting your own baking powder in gluten-free recipes is simple.

Replace the conventional baking powder with an equal amount of gluten-free baking powder.

Remember that there are many gluten-free baking powder brands, but double-checking the label is always essential.

Achieving the Best Results with Gluten-Free Baking Powder

To ensure the best possible outcome when baking gluten-free, consider the following tips:

  • Combine with Acidic Ingredients: To enhance the leavening effect of most baking powder, pair it with acidic ingredients like lemon juice or cream of tartar.
  • Handle with Care: Gluten-free baked goods can be delicate, so handle the dough carefully to maintain its structure.
  • Experiment with Flours: Different gluten-free flours may yield varying results. Don’t hesitate to experiment to find the perfect blend for your recipes.
  • Understand the Leavening Time: Gluten-free baked goods may require a slightly longer leavening time, so be patient and allow the dough to rise adequately.

The Chemical Reaction in Baking Powder

When baking powder is mixed with wet ingredients or exposed to heat, it undergoes a two-step chemical reaction:

  • First Chemical Reaction: When mixed with wet ingredients, the acidic element of the baking powder reacts with the alkaline component (usually sodium bicarbonate) to produce carbon dioxide.
  • Second Chemical Reaction: During baking, the heat causes a second reaction, releasing additional carbon dioxide, which helps the dough rise.


Gluten-free baking powder is a fantastic option for those following a gluten-free diet or with gluten sensitivity.

With the right choice of baking powder, you can enjoy delicious, fluffy baked goods without any worries about gluten-containing ingredients.

Whether you opt for a store-bought gluten-free baking powder or make your own, baking gluten-free doesn’t mean compromising on taste or texture.

So, embrace the world of gluten-free baking and enjoy your delightful creations!

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Is all baking powder gluten-free?

While many baking powders are gluten-free, not all of them are. Some commercial baking powders may contain additives or ingredients that include gluten, so it's essential to carefully check the label and choose certified gluten-free options if you follow a gluten-free diet or have gluten sensitivity

Is Arm and Hammer baking powder gluten free?

Arm & Hammer baking soda does not contain any gluten-containing ingredients and is considered gluten-free.

What makes baking powder gluten?

The baking powder itself does not inherently contain gluten. The potential for gluten in baking powder arises from the other ingredients used in certain commercial baking powders. Some baking powders may include additives or fillers that contain gluten. For instance, some brands might use other starch sources, like wheat starch.